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Four Most Common Hummingbird Species
Common hummingbird species that you may find visiting your home or garden.
The Rufous Hummingbird is one of the most common hummingbird species. These hummingbirds are found across the United States and Canada. The only areas where there has not been a sighting are Hawaii, Quebec, and Prince Edward Island. These tiny birds are fearless and quite territorial. You will often see them chasing away other, larger, birds. They will even take on a rodent if they feel it is encroaching on their favorite feeding spot. Males have a brilliant and glossy orange-red throat. Females are not brightly colored, they can be identified by their green back and crown (the top of the head), and speckled white throat.
The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird is another very common hummingbird species. Found from southern Canada to the southeast of the US. These hummingbirds will even stray as far west as California. As the name suggests, you can identify a male Ruby-Throated hummingbird by their vibrant and iridescent ruby-red colored throat. Like most birds, females are not as gaudy as the males. You can spot them by their green tail feathers banded with white and black and green tinge to the feathers of their back.
Anna’s Hummingbirds are very vocal and are the only ones with a song. Commonly found in western states. These birds have been expanding their range in recent years, and can now be found in quite a few US states. Anna’s Hummingbirds are very territorial, they are not afraid to dive bomb much larger creatures, occasionally even people! To identify a male Anna’s Hummingbird, look for a rosy-colored head, throat and crown. In some lights, it may look almost purple. Females are light gray with red and white spots on their throat and white tips on their tails.
The Calliope Hummingbird holds the title of smallest bird in North America. These tiny hummingbirds are most frequently spotted in California, where they nest. However, they migrate south and east during the winter. Males of this species has a creamy white body, green cap, and iridescent purple-red “whiskers” that are actually just longer feathers emerging from its cheeks.
If you find your garden being frequented by hummingbirds, consider putting out a feeder. These tiny birds expend enormous amounts of energy. In return, you can enjoy watching these common hummingbird species zip around and dance through the air.