SCIENTIFIC NAME: Melopyrrha Nigra
Males are entirely shiny black with a conspicuous wide bright white patch on the wings. The underwing is white.
Females are dull grayish black to glossy black with a smaller white wing patch.
Juveniles resemble the females in overall appearance but with greenish tipped feathers.
Juvenile males have more glossy black head and flight feathers.
Cuba.BILL: large, stout and curved.
SIZE: small, measuring 5.5 -5.75 inches in length.
WEIGHT: weighs about 34 grams.
COLOR: black, grayish black, and white.
Fruits, flower buds, seeds and insects.
Subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and heavily degraded former forest.
CALL: A high buzzy “tsit”.
SONG: A buzzy trill that drops in pitch and is followed by thin “tsi” notes, from five to ten, rising in pitch towards the end of the series.
NEST: Both sexes build a large and globular nest with dry grasses, leaves, tree bark, rootlets, horse and goat hair.
EGGS: 3 - 5 whitish eggs, with a greenish cast, spotted wit reddish-brown and lilac.
INCUBATION: 13 -14 days, female only.
FLEDGLING PHASE: 14 -17 days.
They forage from ground level to treetops. They usually occur alone or in pairs during both the breeding and non-breeding season.