SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spizella Arborea
Adults have a rusty cap and gray underparts with a small dark spot on the breast.
They have a rusty back with lighter stripes, brown wings with white bars and a slim tail.
Their face is gray with a rusty line through the eye. Their flanks are splashed with light brown.
BILL: small with black upper mandible and yellow lower mandible.
SIZE: measures about 5.5 inches in length, with a wingspan of 9.4 inches.
WEIGHT: weighs about 13 - 28 grams.
COLOR: rust, gray, brown and white.
Insects and spiders during summer, and grass and weed seeds and berries in winter.
BREEDS: Along edge of tundra, above treeline, in open areas with scattered trees.
WINTER: Fields, marshes, gardens, open forests and residential areas.
BREEDS: Western Alaska to Labrador, and southwards to northern British Columbia and Quebec.
WINTER: Southern Canada, southwards to northern Arizona, northern Texas and South Carolina.
CALL: A musical “teedle-eet”. It also utters a thin “seet”.
SONG: Begins with several clear notes, followed by a variable and rapid warbler.
Both sexes use calls, but male sings only one song. In flight, call is a high and sharp “tsiiw”.
NEST: The female builds a neatly- woven open cup nest, with moth, grasses, sedges, bark and twigs. It is lined with fine grass, sedges and feathers.
EGGS: 4 - 6 creamy-white, pale blue or green eggs, speckled reddish.
INCUBATION: 10 - 14 days, female.
FLEDGLING PHASE: 8 - 10 days.
They prefer foraging along the ground or relatively low in the vegetation, often in small flocks, sometimes in mixed flocks with other species.