California Thrasher

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Toxostoma Redivivum 

California Thrasher

Adults have dark upperparts. They have pale eyebrow and dark cheeks. The tail is long and dark brown, with pale gray corners. Underparts are slightly paler than upperparts, with pale throat contrasting with dark breast.

Belly and undertail coverts are tawny buff. Eyes are dark. Legs and feet are blackish.

Both sexes are similar. Juveniles resemble the adults, but with paler plumage.

BILL: blackish, long and decurved.

SIZE: large thrasher, measures about 12.6 inches in length, with a wingspan of 12.2 inches.

WEIGHT: weighs about 78 - 93 grams.

COLOR: brown, gray, and tawny-buff.

Insects and spiders, as well as fruits, berries, seeds, and other plant material.

Lowland and coastal chaparral (many different types of terrains), and also in riparian woodland thickets, and urban areas such as parks and gardens.

Resident along coastal and inland California, and southwards to northern Baja California. Its dispersal is very limited.

CALL: Low and flat "chuck" and "chur-erp" or a dry "chack".

SONG: Loud and sustained, a long series of warbled phrases, as guttural or musical phrases, repeated once or twice. They may imitate other songs species and sounds. They sing exuberantly year-round.

NEST: Both male and female build a bulky bowl-shaped nest, made with coarse twigs, and lined with rootlets and fine materials. It is hidden in dense vegetation and built by both adults.

EGGS: 3 - 4 pale blue eggs, with dark spots.

INCUBATION: 14 days, both parents.

FLEDGLING PHASE: 14 - 17 days.

Mostly forages by walking along the ground. They put their thick bill to good use, using it to dig through vegetative litter or digging in the ground. They are territorial birds, and they defend their territory.

The oldest recorded California Thrasher was at least 9 years, 2 months old.

California Thrasher Infographic


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