SCIENTIFIC NAME: Panterpe insignis
The Fiery-throated Hummingbird is the only member of the genus Panterpe.
It is a medium-sized hummingbird, measuring 4.3 inches long and weigh 5.67 grams.
Adults have shiny green body plumage, a blue tail, and a white spot behind the eye.
It often looks dark, but when the light catches it at the right angle, it shows a brilliant blue crown, yellow- bordered bright orange throat, and violet-blue chest patch.
Bill is straight and black. Feet are dusky.
Males and females are similar, but young birds have rufous fringes to the head plumage.
Call is a high-pitched twittering.
Nectar, taken from a variety of small flowers, including epiphytic Ericaceae and bromeliads. It also takes small insects as an essential source of protein.
Common to abundant bird of montane forest canopy above 1400 meters, and also occurs in scrub at the woodland edges and clearings.
Talamancan montane forests of Costa Rica and western Panama.
The female is entirely responsible for nest building and incubation. She lays 2 white eggs in a bulky plant-fiber cup nest 2 – 4 meters high at the end of a descending bamboo stem or on a rootlet under a bank. Incubation takes 15 – 19 days, and fledging another 20 – 26 days.