SCIENTIFIC NAME: Erythrura gouldiae
The Gouldian Finch, commonly known as Rainbow Finch or simply Gould is among the most brilliantly colored birds in existence. Due to their beautiful colors, they are also among the most popular pet birds.
Both sexes are about 5.5 - 6 inches in length and weigh about 14 grams.
They are brightly colored with black, green, yellow, and red markings.
Females tend to be less brightly colored. One major difference between the sexes is that the male's chest is purple, while the female's is a lighter mauve.
Juveniles are greenish gray.
They are relatively quiet birds. They have low, chirping vocalization that is pleasant to the ear.
Mainly feed on ripe and half-ripe grass seeds of sorghum.
They are never far from water, preferring open grassy plains with scattered tall smooth-barked Eucalyptus trees.
Although once common throughout northern tropical Australia, recent declines now mean that it is restricted to small and isolated populations in the Northern Territory and Kimberley regions of Western Australia.
They build loosely constructed grass nests inside tree hollows, and several pairs may share one hollow.
The female lays 4 - 8 eggs. Both adults incubate the eggs for 14 - 15 days.