SCIENTIFIC NAME: Poecile Hudsonicus
Adults have gray-brown upperparts with a brown dap and grayish wings and tail.
The face is mainly gray with white on the sides.
The underparts are white with brown on the flanks and they have a black throat.
They have short wings and a long notched tail.
BILL: dark and short.
SIZE: measures about 4.9 – 5.7 inches in length, with a wingspan of 7.9 inches.
WEIGHT: weighs about 7 – 12.4 grams.
COLOR: gray-brown, gray, brown, black and white.
Insects (pupae and eggs), spiders and seeds; caterpillars and animal matter during breeding and nesting period.
Coniferous forests, mainly in black spruce and balsam fir.
Alaska to Newfoundland, and southwards, to the northern United States.
CALL: A nasal “tseek-a-dee-dee-“.
SONG: A short warbler, with “p-twee- titititititi” introductory notes.
NEST: The female, sometimes helped by the male, excavates or enlarges a cavity in soft wood and builds a nest inside made of moss, lichens and bark strips, and lines this foundation with hair (from rabbit), feathers and plant down.
EGGS: 4 – 9 white eggs with fine red-brown spots, or olive or gray markings.
INCUBATION: 14 – 18 days, female.
They forage agilely and restlessly among limbs and branches, with frequent acrobatic turns while perched; sometimes hover-gleans prey from tips of branches.
The oldest recorded Boreal Chickadee was at least 5 years, 4 months old.