SCIENTIFIC NAME: Empidonax Virescens
Adults have olive-green upperparts, darker on the wings and tail, with whitish underparts. They have a white eye-ring, white wing bars and a wide bill.
The breast is washed with olive. The upper part of the bill is dark, and the lower part is yellowish.
BILL: broad flat bill, dark upper part and yellowish lower part.
SIZE: measures about 5.5 - 5.9 inches in length, with a wingspan of 8.7 - 9.1 inches.
WEIGHT: weighs about 11.1 - 13.9 grams.
COLOR: olive-green, white and yellow.
Primarily feeds on insects; also eat spiders, millipedes and centipedes, fruits and berries.
BREEDS: moist deciduous forests, such as riparian areas and swamps, but can also be found in the understory of dryland forest.
WINTER: in and around tropical forests.
SUMMER: The eastern half of the United States, south of New York.
WINTER: South America.
SONG: An explosive "peet-sa".
CALL: A soft "peet".
They also have a call similar to that of the Northern Flicker. A unique two-note song described as "ka-zeep", and its location in its preferred habitat, are two features that help to identify this species.
NEST: Nest is a small hammock made primarily of spiderwebs or cocoon silk interwoven with fine strips of bark, twigs, and understory grasses.
It often has distinctive streamers hanging below the nest itself, made of plant fibers and fine twigs.
It is placed in a horizontal fork near the end of a slightly drooping branch of a small tree or shrub, typically between 10 and 30 meters off the ground.
EGGS: 2 - 3 creamy to buffy white eggs with some small brownish spots at the larger end.
INCUBATION: 13 - 15 days.
NESTLING PHASE: 12 - 18 days.
They forage in typical flycatcher fashion, observing from a perch and flying out to catch insects in mid-air.
Courtship is often frenetic, with the male chasing the female in rapid aerial pursuit.
The oldest known Acadian Flycatcher was over 12 years old.