SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lonchura oryzivora
The Java Sparrow, also known as Java Finch, Java Rice Sparrow or Java Rice Bird, is a small passerine bird. It is a popular cage bird, and has been introduced into many other countries. Some taxonomists place this and the Timor Sparrow in their own genus Padda.
The Java Sparrow is about 5.9 - 6.7 inches in length from the beak to its tip of tail feathers.
Adults are unmistakable, with their gray upperparts and breasts, pink bellies, white-cheeked black heads, red eye-rings, pink feet and thick red bills.
Both sexes are similar.
Immature birds have brown upperparts and pale brown underparts, and a plain head.
Very young birds have a black beak with a pink base.
CALL: A chip.
SONG: A rapid series of call notes "chipchipchipchipchipchip".
Feeds mainly on grain and other seeds.
Frequents open grassland and cultivation, and was formerly a pest in rice fields, hence its scientific name.
A resident breeding bird in Java, Bali and Bawean in Indonesia.
It has been introduced and is established in many parts of the world, from Asia to Australia, Africa and North America.
The nest is constructed in a tree or building, and up to 8 eggs are laid.