Carolina Wren 

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Thryothorus Ludovicianus 

Carolina Wren

Adults have rusty brown upperparts, and warm buff underparts. Chin and throat are white. Wings are barred black and show two narrow white wing bars.

The long tail and undertail coverts are barred black. On the head, there is a conspicuous white eyebrow. Cheeks are paler, brown mottled with white, and extending softly to the warm buff of the underparts.

Eyes are dark. Legs and feet are pink.

Both sexes are similar, but males are slightly heavier.

Juveniles are similar to adults but are duller.

BILL: long, thin and decurved, the upper mandible is darker than the lower yellowish mandible.

SIZE: measures about 4.7 - 5.5 inches in length, with a wingspan of 11.4 inches.

WEIGHT: weighs about 18 - 22 grams.

COLOR: rusty-brown, buff, black and white.

Insects and spiders, snails, fruits and berries, some seeds, and even small lizards and frogs.

Brush and undergrowth, including undergrowth of deciduous and mixed forests, forest edges, tree lines, and residential areas.

Eastern Kansas to southern Ontario and Massachusetts, and southwards to Gulf Coast and into northeastern Mexico, also in Yucatan Peninsula.

SONG: Utters a melodious song, a loud and clear “teakettle tea – kettle teakettle” or “cheery-cheery-cheery”.

They sing at any time of the day or year. They include trills, clacks and rattles.

The female mostly uses chatters.

NEST: The male and female build the nest together. It is a bulky, cup-shaped nest made of twigs, grasses, weeds, leaves, mosses, pine needles, bark chips, also hair, string and feathers.

EGGS: 3 - 7 creamy to pinkish-white eggs, spotted with dark.

INCUBATION: 12 - 16 days, female fed by the male.

FLEDGLING PHASE: 12 - 14 days.

They are very active forager, climbing and flitting through foliage and branches. They often forage in pairs, even outside of the breeding season. They are monogamous and mate for life.

The oldest recorded Carolina Wren was at least 7 years, 8 months old.





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