SCIENTIFIC NAME: Peucedramus Taeniatus
Males' plumage are mostly gray body with some olive-green on the wings and two white wing bars. Head and breast are "tawny-orange", and there is a black patch through the eye.
In females and juveniles, the orange is replaced by yellow, and the black mask is more diffuse.
In addition to differences in size, plumage varies geographically as well, with southern birds having more brightly coloured plumage.
BILL: black, slender and pointed.
SIZE: medium-sized warbler, measuring about 5.1 – 5.5 inches in length, with a wingspan of 9.1 - 9.3 inches.
WEIGHT: weighs about 12 grams.
COLOR: olive-green, tawny-orange, yellow, white and black.
Insects and other arthropods.
Open pine forests, pine-oak woodlands, and pine-fir forests typically above 6,000 feet.
The Southwestern United States to Nicaragua, making it the only bird family endemic to North America. Yavapai County, Arizona and the southwestern tip of New Mexico along central Mexico to southern Mexico; Tamaulipas, Coahuila and Sonora and Chihuahua in Mexico, and further south in southwest Guatemala and from northern El Salvador and central Honduras to northern Nicaragua.
CALL: A single high-pitched, hollow-sounding "peew".
SONG: The male and female sing a burry song of 2 repeated notes on different pitches. Sometimes the first note is lower than the second, but other times it is reversed. The song sounds like a burry "tea-cher", "tea-cher" or a "we-cha", "we-cha". They repeat each phrase 3–5 times.
NEST: The female gathers the nest materials and builds a cup-shaped nest made of moss, lichens, spiderwebbing, and plant down.
EGGS: 3 - 4 grayish eggs with heavy olive-brown spotting and speckling.
They typically forage rather high in the forest canopy and often forage in mixed-species flocks, particularly outside of the breeding season. They move rather actively as they feed, often flicking their wings as they forage.