SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mitrephanes Phaeocercus
Adults have brownish tinged olive upperparts. The wings and tail are dusky. The upperwing, have two buff wingbars and paler edges to secondaries and tertials.
The underparts, chin, throat and breast are cinnamon to bright ochre, and the belly is ochre-yellow. The crown is brown tinged olive with pointed crest. Face and head sides are cinnamon, and the lower nape is brownish-olive. There are a pale loral spot and a thin buffy-white eyering.
The two-tone bill shows black upper mandible and orange-yellow lower one. The eyes are dark brown. Legs and feet are blackish.
Both sexes are similar.
Juveniles have dark brown crown. The crown and upperparts’ feathers are edged cinnamon-buff. There are two fairly broad cinnamon-orange wingbars.
BILL: sharp and pointed.
SIZE: measures about 4.9 - 6.1 inches in length, with a wingspan of 8.7 inches.
WEIGHT: weighs about 7.7 - 12.1 grams.
COLOR: brown, olive, brownish-olive, buff, cinnamon, ochre, ochre-yellow, orange-yellow, black and white.
Mature mountain forest and tall second growth, especially at edges and clearings with trees.
Northwestern Mexico to northwestern Ecuador.
SONG: A rolled “tchwee-tchwee” or “turree-turree”, less often a single “tchwee”. Utters bright, penetrating “seeeu”, “pseeeu” or “seer”, during the breeding season.
CALL: Often repeats a bubbly series of 4-7 “pik” or “beek” notes while flicking the tail.
In Costa Rica, it sings at dawn, a rapid series of high notes “bip-bip-bip-dididi-up-bip-bip-bibibiseer”.
NEST: The female builds a shallow cup nest with dark rootlets, green moss and lichens and lines it with foliaceous lichens.
EGGS: 2 dull white eggs with brownish blotches.
INCUBATION: 15 - 16 days, female only.
NESTLING PHASE: 17 - 18 days.
They are usually seen in pairs, hunting flying insects from an open perch like a pewee. They often return to the same perch and vibrates its tail as it lands.