Purple-throated Mountain-gem

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lampornis calolaemus

Purple-throated Mountain-gem

The Purple-throated Mountain-gem is a medium-sized hummingbird with shortish black bill that is slightly curved.

It is 4.1 inches long, with males weighing about 6 grams and females about 4.8 grams.

Adult males have bronze-green upperparts and underparts except for a brilliant green crown, purple throat and dark gray tail.

Females lacks the bright crown and throat, and has rich cinnamon underparts. They have slightly longer bills than the males.

Young birds resemble the female but have buff fringes to the upperparts plumage.

The call of this species is a sharp buzzy "zeet".

Feeds mainly on nectar, taken from a variety of flowers. It also takes small insects as an essential source of protein.

Inhabits forested areas in hilly terrain, and is found at altitudes from 800 - 2,500 meters.

Breeds in the mountains of southern Nicaragua, northern Costa Rica and western Panama

The female is entirely responsible for nest building and incubation.

She lays 2 white eggs in a deep plant-fiber cup nest 2.3–11.5 ft high in a scrub, small tree or vine.

Incubation takes 15 – 19 days, and fledging another 20 – 26 days.


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