SCIENTIFIC NAME: Carpodacus Erythrinus
Males have a brilliant rosy-carmine head, breast and rump, wings are dark brown with two indistinct bars and a white belly.
Females and juveniles are dull-colored with yellowish-brown above, brighter on the rump and grayer on the head; buff below.
Adults molt in their winter quarters, between September and November.
After molting the red of male is subdued, and becomes brighter during the winter due to wear of the feathers.
BILL: stout and cone-shaped
SIZE: measures about 5.1 - 5.9 inches in length, with a wingspan of 9 inches.
WEIGHT: weighs about 24 grams.
COLOR: rosy-carmine, dark brown, gray, and buff.
Seeds, buds, insects.
SUMMER: thickets, woodland and forest edges near rivers.
WINTER: gardens and orchards, wetlands and locally in dry oak woods.
BREEDS: Northern Europe through Asia, to eastern Russia.
WINTER: Iran, China, India, and locally elsewhere in southeastern Asia.
CALL: A canary-like “choo-ee”.
SONG: A chirpy refrain “hooee-choo- pee-too”, also said to resemble the phrase “pleased to meet you”.
Males sing from a prominent perch.
NEST: The nest is cup-shaped made of grasses and weed stems, lined with finer grasses, roots, and hair, and placed low in a bush or small tree, usually within 4 feet of the ground.
EGGS: 3 - 6 dark blue eggs with coarse brown spots.
INCUBATION: 11 - 13 days, female.
FLEDGLING AGE: 10 - 15 days.
They forage on the ground or low in vegetation.