SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pyrrhula Pyrrhula
Males have a gray mantle, white rump, contrasting with its blackish tail. Wings are blackish with only one pale wing bar. Underparts are rosy-red with white vent.
Their head have a black crown, nape, lores and chin. Legs and feet are pinkish-brown.
Females have gray-brown underparts and mantle.
Juveniles resemble the adult female but lack the black on crown and around the bill. They have a buff-brown wing bar.
BILL: black, short and conical low-based bill.
SIZE: measures about 6.5 inches in length, with a wingspan of 10 inches.
WEIGHT: weighs about 24 grams.
COLOR: rosy-red, gray, gray-brown, buff-brown, pinkish-brown, white, and black.
Feeds primarily on seeds and berries, as well as buds and other plant parts.
Woodlands, coniferous and deciduous, with dense undergrowth and in cultivated areas. It is also found in orchards, parks and gardens.
Europe to Asia and Japan.
CALL: A quiet, low, melancholy whistled “peeu” or “pew”.
SONG: Audible only at close range. It is a weak, scratchy warbling, alternating with soft whistles.
NEST: The female builds a loose structure made with moss, twigs, and lichens, and lined with hair, moss and roots.
The nest is built on a tree branch, or in a bush or thicket.
EGGS: 4 - 6 pale blue eggs, mottled with red-brown.
INCUBATION: 12 - 14 days, female fed by the male.
FLEDGLING AGE: 16 - 18 days.
They are usually found on the ground, foraging for seeds.
They feed in large groups in winter, taking seeds in farmlands and gardens. But in the breeding season, they are strongly territorial.