SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cardellina Rubrifrons
Males are neat gray birds with a brilliant red face and a black crown and ear patch.
Females have the same pattern but less vivid red. The gray upperparts feature a white nape, thin white wingbar, and white rump; the underparts are white.
Immatures have pinkish faces.
BILL: small and stubby.
SIZE: measures about 5.5 inches in length, with a wingspan of 8.3 inches.
WEIGHT: weighs about 8 - 11 grams.
COLOR: red, gray, black and white.
Caterpillars, flies (and larvae), aphids, scale insects, leafhoppers, treehoppers, planthoppers, and spittlebugs. They may also eat some beetles or beetle larvae.
Mountain forests of conifers and oak.
SUMMER: Northern Mexico and range up into the states of Arizona and New Mexico – the Madrean sky islands.
WINTER: Southern Mexico and the Central American nations of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras.
SONG: A ringing series of sweet-sounding notes that accelerates, rises, then drops in a final flourish, lasting about 2 seconds.
CALL: A sharp chip recalling the call of Black-throated Gray Warbler.
NEST: The female builds a small cup-shaped nest with bark, leaves, and pine needles lined with grass and animal hair.
EGGS: 3 - 5 white eggs, spotted with brown.
INCUBATION: 12 days.
NESTLING PHASE: 12 days.
They flit quickly along branches, often flicking the tail, investigating foliage and branches for small insects.
Sometimes hovers briefly to seize insects at branch tips, and sometimes catches them in midair.
They can be difficult to observe at times due to their preference for foraging in thick vegetation.