Unveiling the Wings - The Fascinating Differences Between Male and Female Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds are among the most enchanting avian species that constantly amaze us with their beauty, agility, and hovering skills. The bright colors of hummingbirds' feathers and their unparalleled flying abilities have been the subject of many studies throughout the years. But did you know there are significant differences between male and female hummingbirds? This blog post will delve into the ten notable differences between the sexes of this magical bird species.



One of the most apparent differences between male and female hummingbirds is their coloration. Male hummingbirds are typically more colorful than females, exhibiting vibrant and bold plumage. On the other hand, female hummingbirds possess less bright and more subdued feather shades.



Male hummingbirds are much smaller than female hummingbirds. However, neither this species’ males nor females grow huge. Males and females weigh between 0.07 and 0.7oz and grow between 2 and 8 inches tall.

Head Shape:

Head Shape

The shape of the head in male and female hummingbirds differs slightly. Males have a slightly more prominent forehead, while females have a rounded, smooth head shape.



The gorget is a distinctive feature that appears on male hummingbirds' throats. This throat patch displays iridescent and bright colors and is a distinguishing mark that males use to attract females.

Tail Feathers:

Tail Feathers

Male hummingbirds also possess more extended and robust tail feathers than their female counterparts.

Nest Building:

Nest Building

Female hummingbirds are solely responsible for building their nests. They go through an intricate process of weaving together materials such as plant fibers, spider webs, moss, and lichens. They create a soft and fluffy nest for their eggs.

Territory Protection:

Territory Protection

Male hummingbirds have the responsibility of protecting their territory. They are fiercely competitive and will use their rapid-fire wing beats to protect their feeding and breeding territory from other male hummers.

Plumage Shift:

Plumage Shift

Male hummingbirds experience a massive change in their plumage during their first year. Their feathers molt into adult colors and start to develop the characteristic gorget.



Female hummingbirds migrate before males. Before the males arrive, they will leave a few weeks earlier to prepare their breeding ground and find food and shelter.



Male hummingbirds can be very territorial. They are protective of their food sources and tend to be moody, aggressive, and fiercely competitive when guarding their territory.

Hummingbird Facts:

Hummingbird Facts

Hummingbirds are the only birds that can fly backward, upside down, and hover in the air.

Hummingbird Facts

Their wings beat up to two hundred times per second, allowing them to fly at high speeds and hover.

Hummingbird Facts

Hummingbirds require large amounts of nectar daily to fuel their high metabolism.


The differences between male and female hummingbirds are many and fascinating. Observing these tiny birds in nature is a privilege that allows us to appreciate their distinct features and characteristics. We hope this blog post has provided you with some valuable insights into these enchanting creatures that captivate the hearts of humans worldwide.

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