SCIENTIFIC NAME: Boissonneaua jardini
The Velvet-purple Coronet is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae.
It is a medium-sized hummingbird measuring about 4.33 – 5 inches in length.
Its highly iridescent plumage is striking, being largely bluish-purple below and on the crown, greenish-blue on the back, green on the upperwing coverts, and rufous on the underwing coverts.
In poor light it may appear all black, except for the strongly contrasting white outer rectrices.
Both sexes are similar but the females are duller and their tail are less strongly forked.
Diet consists of nectar and insects, which are caught by hawking.
Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical wet and humid forests and edges, often where trees are covered in epiphytes.
Found in the western Andes of south- western Colombia and north-western Ecuador.
It generally breeds between January and March, but some have been spotted nesting as far off as September.
The female builds a cup-shaped nest is with moss and lichen. It is placed on a horizontal branch or thin fork. The clutch consists of 2 eggs which are incubated by the female.