Wood Thrush

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hylocichla mustelina

Wood Thrush

The Wood Thrush is a North American passerine bird. It is widely distributed across North America, wintering in Central America and southern Mexico. It is the official bird of the District of Columbia.

Adults have reddish brown crown, forehead and nape. Upperparts are mostly olive brown. Underparts are white, spotted with dark brown on breast and flanks.

Face is white, finely streaked with dark brown. They have a white eye ring. Eyes are dark brown. Bill is blackish. Legs and feet are pinkish brown.

Both sexes are similar.

Juveniles resembles adults, with more spots on upperparts.

Both sexes are 7.5 - 8.3 inches in length, with a wingspan of 11.8 - 13.4 inches and weighs about 40 - 50 grams

CALL: A low “phew”, often prolonged and slurred "veer”.

SONG: Includes loud musical phrases, with 3 - 5 notes in different tonalities, ending in soft and guttural trill. Male sings mostly at dawn and dusk.

Feeds on invertebrates such as beetles, flies, earthworms and spiders. They also consume fruits and berries at all the time of the year.

Breeds in deciduous and mixed forests with shrub layer. Winters in lowland tropical primary forests.

Breeds in eastern North America, from southern Canada to northern Florida, and from Atlantic coast to eastern Great Plains in Texas. Winters in Mexico and Central America.

The female chooses the nest site and builds a cup-shaped nest. It is made with dried grasses, dead leaves, mosses and rootlets. It is lined with mud and rootlets.

The female lays 3 - 4 pale blue eggs and incubates them for about 13 - 14 days.


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