SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spiza Americana
Adults have a large pale bill, a yellow line over the eye, brownish upperparts with black streaks on the back, dark wings, a rust patch on the shoulder and light underparts.
Males have a black throat patch, a yellow breast and gray cheeks and crown. The head and breast pattern is especially brilliant in the breeding plumage.
Females and juveniles are brownish on the cheeks and crown; they have streaked flanks.
BILL: pale and cone-shaped.
SIZE: measures about 6.5 inches in length, with a wingspan of 10 inches.
WEIGHT: weighs about 26 grams.
COLOR: black, yellow, gray, and brown.
WINTER: Seeds and grains.
Tall grasslands, including prairies, hayfields, lightly grazed pastures, and roadsides.
SUMMER: United States.
WINTER: Central and South America.
CALL: A dry "chek". The distinctive flight call is a buzzer-like "pzzzt".
SONG: A simple, buzzy "dick-dick-see- see-see".
NEST: The female builds a bulky cup woven out of weeds and grasses. It is often lined with fine grass and sometimes, hair.
EGGS: 3 - 6 unmarked, pale blue eggs.
INCUBATION: 12 - 13 days, female.
NESTLING PHASE: 8 - 10 days.
They perch on stalks or shrubs (sometimes fences) to pluck seeds. They also walk or hop on the ground, foraging for seeds.
The oldest known Dickcissel was at least 8 years old.