SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spiza Americana 


Adults have a large pale bill, a yellow line over the eye, brownish upperparts with black streaks on the back, dark wings, a rust patch on the shoulder and light underparts.

Males have a black throat patch, a yellow breast and gray cheeks and crown. The head and breast pattern is especially brilliant in the breeding plumage.

Females and juveniles are brownish on the cheeks and crown; they have streaked flanks.

BILL: pale and cone-shaped.

SIZE: measures about 6.5 inches in length, with a wingspan of 10 inches.

WEIGHT: weighs about 26 grams.

COLOR: black, yellow, gray, and brown.

SUMMER: Insects.

WINTER: Seeds and grains.

Tall grasslands, including prairies, hayfields, lightly grazed pastures, and roadsides.

SUMMER: United States. 

WINTER: Central and South America.

CALL: A dry "chek". The distinctive flight call is a buzzer-like "pzzzt".

SONG: A simple, buzzy "dick-dick-see- see-see".

NEST: The female builds a bulky cup woven out of weeds and grasses. It is often lined with fine grass and sometimes, hair.

EGGS: 3 - 6 unmarked, pale blue eggs.

INCUBATION: 12 - 13 days, female.

NESTLING PHASE: 8 - 10 days.

They perch on stalks or shrubs (sometimes fences) to pluck seeds. They also walk or hop on the ground, foraging for seeds.

The oldest known Dickcissel was at least 8 years old.

Dickcissel Infographic







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