SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sicalis Flaveola
Males are bright yellow with an orange crown which distinguishes it from most other yellow finches (the exception being the Orange-fronted Yellow Finch).
Females are more confusing and are usually just a slightly duller version of the males.
Juveniles are similar to females.
Both have a black upper beak and pale lower beak, greenish-yellow back, yellow underparts, wing and tail feathers are black lined with yellow, and dark pink legs.
BILL: black upper beak and pale lower beak.
SIZE: measures about 5.25 - 5.5 inches in length.
WEIGHT: weighs about 20 - 22 grams.
COLOR: yellow, orange, and black.
Seeds and small arthropods.
Open and semi-open lowland areas.
Most of South America including Netherlands Antilles, Colombia, Suriname, Argentina, Peru, Brazil, Venezuela, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Guyanas (also introduced to Hawaii and Jamaica among other places).
SONG: A series of single and double notes with an occasional brief trill.
NEST: The nest is made of coconut fiber, soft dry grasses, kapok, leaves, roots, and soft feathers.
EGGS: 3 - 7 white eggs with dark spots.
INCUBATION: 12 - 14 days, female.
FLEDGLING PHASE: 17 - 20 days.
They typically nest in cavities and makes use of sites such as abandoned rufous hornero nests, bamboo branches and house roofs.
They are tolerant of human proximity, appearing at suburban areas and frequenting bird tables.