Yellow-throated Vireo

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Vireo flavifrons

Yellow-throated Vireo

The Yellow-throated Vireo is a small American songbird and is considered the most brightly colored vireo.

Both sexes are 5.1 - 5.9 inches long, with 9.1 inches wingspan and weight of 15 - 21 grams. 
Adults are mainly olive on the head and upperparts with a yellow throat and white belly. 
They have dark eyes with yellow "spectacles".
Tail and wings are dark with white wing bars. 
They have thick blue-gray legs and a stout bill.

CALL: Includes a rapid series of harsh “cheh” notes, similar to those of the “solitary” vireo complex.

SONG: A slow repetition of “de-a-ree”, three-eight; burry, low-pitched 2- or 3-note phrases separated by long pauses.

Most of the summer diet is insects.
Fruits and berries are also consumed, primarily in the winter months.

Mature deciduous forests during the summer breeding season, especially along lakeshores and streams.
Uses a wide variety of habitats during the winter, from tropical rain forest to dry scrublands.

Breeds in southern Canada and the eastern United States.

Migrates to the deep southern United States, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America.

They are very rare vagrants to western Europe.

Both sexes build an open thick-walled cup nest, supported by the rim woven onto a horizontal forked twig.
It is made of bark strips, dry grasses, rootlets, long pine needles, leaves, or hair, held together with insect silk and spiderweb.
The female lays 3 - 5 creamy white eggs with sparse dark spots around the larger end.
Incubation lasts for about 13 days by both parents.


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